Category Archives: Innovation

CPEC: Restyling The Economy

By   March 19, 2016

Innovation benefits the owner and upgrades the economy strength. Establishment of China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) was first anticipated by Chinese Premier Li Keqiang during his visit to Pakistan in May 2013 and was approved on July 5, 2013 during the visit of PM Nawaz Sharif to Beijing. The Economic-Corridor aims to cover various major projects which included construction of 200 km long tunnel to America that will take a whole day to get there (a railway route from Beijing to America via Russia).

CPEC the China Pakistan Economic Corridor is 46 billion$ project, that is going to cover the areas, mainly from Gawadar (Pakistan) to Kashgar (the China high way starting point) city in north-western China’s Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region. Ahsan iqbal the minister of planning gave a briefing before signing the contract. He illustrated that this project will be a road map that will transit from four provinces joining Gawadar and Kashgar, the major regions.

A pristine map:

It includes $33 billion energy projects. The source of energy would be coal, solar, hydroelectric power projects. These projects which will inject 10,400mw electricity in national web by 2018 and which also include hydro power projects. Other projects are fiber optic cable from Xingjiang to Rawalpindi, 1240 km long Karachi-Lahore motorway, metro and bus service in six major cities, up gradation of 1300 km long Karakorum Highway, oil and gas pipelines to connect Kashgar to the seaport of Gwadar, 1,800 km railway line, commercial sea-lanes, special economic zones, dry ports and other infrastructure.

In the form of CPEC Pakistan will acquire the new assets in terms of infrastructure, highways, railways and pipelines for the transportation of oil, gas and trading. Itdoes not imply the construction of   a single road; it’s a network that will enhance the development of industrial zones by vaccinating them through energy plants. Baluchistan seems to be the primary beneficiary from CPEC. There will be the employment generation and the gap between the people of two states will be lower.

Bridging the gap between two provinces:

The project will encircle the western (Baluchistan) and the eastern (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) routes of Pakistan. The government has started to work on western routes while eastern routes are on consideration. The western route of china Pakistan economic corridor will connect the port city Gawadar with Quetta and it will be completed by 2018.

Freedom in trading for China:

As 40% of the world oil is extracted from Gulf region and for the transportation Persian Gulf is being used, so China will use the terminal of Gawadar port for the transportation of her products and to import oil. Everyday china spend around 11 million$ on import of 6.3 million barrels of oil by covering the distance of 9912 miles. With the help of CPEC, this cost will significantly turn down to one third as new distance will be 3626 miles to central china and only 2295 miles to west china. It saves around 6 million$ of china every day and 2 billion$ every year. China will also look over the activities of India and America by Indus Ocean.  C hina being the investor is mainly responsible for assigning the location for routes so the money that is invested reliably, will be gain profit for both countries.

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Author: Umme e Aimen | aimen.eco@gmail.com | Student @ FC College Lahore

How to create an Innovative Society? (III)

By   February 25, 2016

The role of education:

1

Doubtlessly, education is the foundation stone of an innovative society.  The word education has the potential to describe the whole philosophy of innovation. It is not possible to illustrate any idea of innovation without defining the pivotal role of education. Every human being is aware of the fact that the process of education starts from home and parents appear as the very first teachers of the child. They prepare the child to receive education by ingraining in in the mind of the child the importance of education and its benefits.

So the very fundamental responsibility of the state is to create an environment where every child is eager to learn and anxious to receive education. This is the very first step that prepares the forthcoming generation to get absorbed in the society and play their decisive and effective as productive citizens.

An innovative society is one that prepares youth both for citizenship and work. It is strong in science and technology and develops a step by step education process for the youth to take their capabilities to the highest level.

How people define education?

In subcontinent, specifically in Pakistan, education is vehicle to break poverty and achieve social status.  The focus of the student is to achieve a position in the society and he can rarely think of working selflessly in creative domain.  Acquiring education is a perilous task and needs huge investment. This bitter fact shuts off the chance of creativity. Education, from basic level to higher studies demands money, time and extreme attention. Students pay attention to secure high grades and strictly follow prevailing educational norms. Most of the children don’t have access to school and even if they succeed in entering into the school, various social and cultural problems kick them out of the education. Poverty is the biggest of all reasons. Language comprehension problem is another reason for students to say good bye to education at the primary and middle level education. Those who continue their education, developing intelligence becomes a grand challenge for them because of language barrier, teacher-centered education system, unhealthy educational environment and little support for thinking out of box.

Where to change?

2The very first thing is to make the education accessible to every single student who can’t afford education because of financial, social or any other reason.  The schools should have a congenial environment which attracts the children to school and where they are treated according to the universal rules of nature with love care and extreme attention. Children should be allowed to make mistakes as much as they can. They should be surrounded by a student centered environment where problems are listened to and solved at individual level and they don’t feel afraid of teacher, school environment homework, punishment, school free or the quality of the dress that they wear.

Creativity in children:

The creativity in children can only be nurtured if they are given a chance to express themselves in different ways in a congenial environment. Children can be motivated to tell stories, riddles, jokes, learning t through playing activities and so on. They can perform very well if the fear of exam and grading is not instilled into their minds.

Parents should not condition their children to become doctor, engineer or anything that they could not achieve. In other words, we can say that parents should not burden the child with their desires. Developing the habits of hard work, integrity and punctuality can produce more positive results for both, children and parents.

The crucial role of higher education in an innovative society

The decisive and critical role of higher education is a non-disputable matter because it becomes a way of putting one’s potentials to maximum use. Education is thus the starting point of every human activity in a creative society. A knowledgeable person is accorded great respect in educated and developed societies.

Students complete one phase of education after finishing their school studies. They start to gain maturity as they grow up. Their exposure expands on the basis of knowledge and experiences they have gone through in school and society. Now they are ready to gain at a greater speed and with a greater strength. Their skills can be honed at a dramatically high level if they are given a right direction. Their expertise can be molded into an innovative mindset if the education works properly.

Syllabus, Teachers and Environment:

The role of higher educational institutes is that they provide a challenging environment which can question the abilities of the students. The curricula should validate the background abilities, needs and experiences of the students. At the same time, it should give them a chance to use their abilities to the maximum level.

It is the fundamental duty of the university to make sure that teachers are accessible, responsive, up to date and effective. The teachers play the role of facilitator and director. They facilitate the students and make the process of learning easier for them but they never do spoon feeding.  They provide opportunities of self-managed learning. At this level, it is important to create real life learning situation for the students.

Educational institutes need to realize that they are preparing the students to play an effective role in society and labor market. Main focus of the institutes is knowledge transmission, but they need to pay an equal attention to the training part which helps students to get over hesitation gradually.

Funding for Research:

3Monetary problems should not impediment research at any level. Higher education institutes must specify an amount for research activities at different levels, individual or collective. It is a backlash to the innovative society if research is obstructed at any stage, even if it is some nominal contribution in research culture. Open and effective cooperation between all institutes and funding agencies is the need of the hour. Funding must be accessible to each and every contributing individual.  The HEC (higher education commission) should ensure that research community can easily and efficiently access information about funding programs and possibilities. The funding should be provided in one window operation system. These circumstances can develop dynamic collaborative relationship between researchers and industry.

Distance learning and lifelong learning:

Social and financial changes are occurring very rapidly and many people are eager to increase their knowledge and enhance their skills. Some people start working with incomplete education and feel the need to resume it. In a progressive society, people of different fields and from different areas of life are likely to jump into studies. It is important to create an environment where everyone has learning and training opportunities. Distance learning can be a solution to this problem. These institutes cater to the needs of wide range of students including teenagers who dropped out of schools, working parents, full time employed adults and many others. Distance learning can shape the form of lifelong learning in the society.

Bricks for innovative wall:

4We need to understand that a complete paradigm shift is essential for creating and sustaining an innovative society. Higher education and research will be central to this change. Higher education sector is the platform for building up the required capacity.  Economy needs to move from foreign investment to indigenous innovation. To reach this goal, a public policy is required which puts innovation at the centre of the policy agenda.

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Author: Zahid Iftikhar | blog@irp.edu.pk

What is Innovation (II)

By   February 8, 2016

The importance of innovation:

It is not possible to describe the importance of innovation in a few lines or paragraphs because innovation has a pivotal role in human life and it has the capacity to change the life and lifestyle of human beings. Innovation gives a purpose to human life and makes it worth living. It works as a driving force that instigates humans to walk on a long, thorny and untrodden path and persuades them to cover it without making any complaints. It prompts them to investigate a social, physical, economical or scientific problem for years until they find a solution to it. It fires someone up to work tirelessly in a chaotic environment and s and find some answer to the most complicated questions in life. It creates a thirst in human mid that can be quenched by achieving impossible ideas. It is a goal that constantly pushes human beings to work on an idea that is considered absurd by majority of people. It is a journey that provides immense pleasure to the people who are and it is an incentive that keeps the human beings going until they attain the unattainable.

Types of innovation:

Broadly speaking, innovation has two main types which can be described as product innovation and process innovation.

 Product innovation:

1Product innovation brings something new to the market that improves the range and quality of products on offer.  It is the introduction of new ideas to the products, processes that lead to increased value. Some general examples of product innovation are computers, printers, mobile phones and all of the electronic items available in the market. Intangible innovative products are software and communication services.  Product innovation leads to the ways of making and doing things form new combination of tangible and intangible inputs. Anything that is introduced to the market for the first time is an innovation. The fundamental purpose of the innovation is that it must be introduced to the market so that the consumer can benefit from it. The benefits of innovation are not realized until it takes place and reach the end user. An automated teller machine (ATM) performs transactions faster and better than human beings as long as software is good.

Process innovation:

2Process innovation is new way of making goods or services. It includes significant changes in technique, equipment and software.  An automatic queue measurement system is a living example of process innovation. This system help companies in two ways-first through enhanced customer services; second by improving efficiency and reducing costs.

Biometric time clocks and time attendance system is another example of process innovation which makes it easy for companies to know of the presence of their employees and it also eliminates employee time theft.

Conclusion:

The fact is that all the innovations come out of the womb of knowledge. In fact, knowledge is the source of all creations that are coming into existence. Technology and innovation is the application of the knowledge. Knowledge embodied to humans assumes the shape of human capital. The more we invest to increase this human capital the more we achieve in the form of innovation.

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Author: Mr. Zahid Iftikhar | blog@irp.edu.pk